[잉사모] 부정사. 기초영문법





요즘따라 날씨가 우중충 합니다.ㅜㅜ

그래도 날씨가 곧 좋아지겟죠?

 

오늘도 우리열심히 화이팅 해봅시다 !!!!

 

 

부정사(Infinitive)


1. 부정사의 용법

               부정사 : 'to + 동사원형'을 말함

 

 (1) 명사적 용법- 부정사가 명사처럼 주어, 목적어, 보어로 쓰일 때.

           ex 1)To teachEnglish is very difficult.    [주어]

            = It is very difficult to teach English.  [가주어-진주어]

              2) I want to leavehere tomorrow.         [목적어]

        3) I found it easy to readthis book.     [가목적어-진목적어]

       4) The most important thing in life is to doour best. [보어]

    

 

 ※ 보충예문

       ◆ 주어자리

         ex 1) To know oneself if difficult.

               = It is difficult to know oneself.

            2) To use the dictionary is necessary.

               = It is necessary to use the dictionary.

       ◆ 명사적 보어 자리 (주어 = 주격보어)

         ex 1) To see is to believe.

            2) I asked him to help me.

             3) He allowed me to do so.

       ◆ 타동사나 전치사의 목적어 자리 · 동격 자리

         ex 1) He began to read the book.

            2) I have no choice but to accept his proposal.

            3) I think it wrong to tell a lie.

            4) He has one aim, to succeed in life.

            5) I don't know what to do[where to go].


 

 

 

 

 


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