[잉사모]동명사2번째 기초영문법





문법의종류는 아주 많이있죠?

그 중에서도 문법안에 또 문법에대해 배울것이 너무많은 것 같습니다.

 

동명사두번째를 살펴보도록 할게요 ^^

 

 

 

 

 

동명사의 의미상의 주어

  

 (1)ⓐ He doesn't like mygoing there.

       ⓑ I heard of your father('s)coming back home.


      ※ 동명사의 의미상의 주어는 소유격으로 나타내지만, 명사일 경우에는 목적격을쓸 수 있다.

          ex) I am sure of his[him] passing the examination.

              = I am sure that he will pass the examination.

          ((cf.)) I wish him to pass the examination.

                  I remember Tom('s) saying so.


   (2) Seeingis believing.

       동명사의 의미상의 주어가 일반인일 경우에는 생략한다.

          ex) Reading English is difficult, but speaking it is even more difficult.

          ((cf.)) I began reading a short story.

                  (→ reading의 의미상의 주어는 I이므로 그 앞에 my를 생략)
 

    ※동명사의 의미상의 주어

     1. 의미상의 주어가 본주어와 같은 경우

       ex 1) He is proud that he is a scholar.

             = He is proud of being a scholar.

          2) I am ashamed that I am poor.

             = I am ashamed of being poor.

     2. 의미상의 주어가 목적어와 같은 경우

       ex 1) I punished him because he was dishonest.

             = I punished him for being dishonest.

          2) I thanked him for helping me.

     3. 소유격이 의미상의 주어가 되는 경우

       ex 1) That heis rich           is known to all.

             = For himto be rich     is known to all. (부정사 구문)

             = Hisbeing rich          is known to all. (동명사 구문)

          2) I am ashamed of his[her, Tom's, Tom] being foolish.

          3) We must allow for the train being late.

            동명사의 의미상의 주어는 원칙적으로 소유격을 사용하지만,

              의미상의 주어가 명사일 때에는 소유격을 써도 되고 목적격을

              써도 된다. (예문 2)에서 Tom's와 Tom 모두 가능)

     4. 동명사의 의미상의 주어가 일반인을 가리킬 때는 생략한다.

       ex 1) Studying English is no easy task.

          2) Taking a walk is a good exercise.


    ※동명사의 시제

        ◆ 동명사의 형태

 

동사원형

단순동명사

단순수동동명사

완료형동명사

완료형수동동명사

be

being

없음

having been

없음(자동사이므로)

do

doing

being done

having done

having been done

write

writing

being written

having written

having been written

make

making

being made

having made

having been made

 

본동사의 시제와 동일함

본동사보다 하나 더 과거시제를 나타냄


       ex 1) He is proud that he is rich

             = He is proud of being rich.

          2) He was proud of being rich.

             = He was proud of his father's being rich.

          3) I am ashamed that he was[has been] poor.

             = I am ashamed of his having been poor.

          4) I was ashamed that Tom had been poor.

             = I was ashamed of Tom having been poor.

          5) He regrets that he wrote[has written] the letter.

             = He regrets having written the letter




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